Sugarcane red rot. Saccharum aegyptium Wiild. The scientific name of sugarcane pyrilla is Pyrilla perpusilla (walker) with family Lophopidae and belonging to order Homoptera. Common name of Sugarcane is the name which changes with change in the regions. common name: sugarcane borer scientific name: Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Damage - Host Plants - Natural Enemies - Weather - Management - Selected References Distribution (Back to Top). 6. Scientific name : Opogona glycyphaga . Nomenclatural revision of the common rust fungus affecting sugarcane. So, let’s learn commercial sugarcane farming or cultivation and earn millions of this. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Log in. The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and the warmer portions of South America south to northern Argentina. Terminal (leaf) node. Asia, Africa, Oceania. Sugarcane family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. U.S. Weed Information. INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. Infested leaves look white, while those below are black due to the growth of sooty mould on the honeydew. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Hardy sugarcane species: S.ravennae: Italian sugarcane, Ravenna grass, Plume grass: Temperate – tropical Asia: It is tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane. Sucrose from either source (or from two relatively minor sources, the sugar maple tree and the date palm) is the same molecule, yielding 3.94 calories per gram as do all carbohydrates. Optimum amounts of fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) vary greatly with soil types, climatic conditions, and the kind and length of the growing cycle. Chilo zonellus (Swinhoe, 1884) Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus . About Sugarcane. Class A noxious weed. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Damage symptoms. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Int. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. A number of clones exists that are often included in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. Neomaskellia bergii. Sugarcane downy mildew. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Dermolepida albohirtum, the cane beetle, is a native Australian beetle and a parasite of sugarcane.Adult beetles eat the leaves of sugarcane, but greater damage is done by their larvae hatching underground and eating the roots, which either kills or stunts the growth of the plant. Sometimes the whole plant is stunted. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Tillering, or sprouting at the base of the plant, takes place, and each original seed cane develops into a number of growing canes, forming a stool. Asia, Africa (Nigeria only), Oceania. The stalks are composed of many segments, and at each joint there is a bud. Widespread. Preferred Scientific Name. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. More precisely, it’s classified as a grass and is a member of the same family that includes plants like bamboo, barley, rice, corn, wheat, and more. Hosts. Sugarcane or sugar cane (scientific name Saccharum officinarum) is a perennial plant with origins in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.. Sugarcane is neither a fruit or a vegetable. Dead heart in 1-3 month old crop, which can be easily pulled out, rotten portion of the straw coloured deadheartemits an offensive odour. Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. Other names. Sugarcane. Secondary School. Scientific Name: Aleurolobus barodensis. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. 2 Leaves Fig. Process and products. Scientific Name. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. – sugarcane plumegrass. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. The crop demands a well-drained soil, and drains—on the surface, underground, or both—are provided according to the topographic conditions of the fields. Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Worldwide. Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) Preferred Common Name. Sugarcane also has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum barberi. Process and products. Saccharum spontaneum. The scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. Sugar cane is the source of much of the worlds sugar. Sugarcane is propagated primarily by the planting of cuttings. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Scientific name: Saccharum officinarum L. Bangla/ Local names: Aakh, Ikkhu, Gendari, Hussel, Kajuli, Kusa, Kushiar. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Preferred Scientific Name. The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. Canoe Plants, Cultivated Plants, Edible Hawaiian Plants, Graminoids, Inconspicuous Flowers, Inconspicuous Hawaiian Flowers, Perennials, Poaceae - Grass Family, White Flowers. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? Sugarcane Insect Pest. For information on the processing of cane sugar and the history of its use, see sugar. A cutting machine on a plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, the primary source of ethanol biofuel in the country. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Introduction. Join now. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. One can create a huge income via growing sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology. When precipitation is deficient, irrigation, either by spraying or by applying water in furrows, can make up for the deficiency. Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) In the tropics. Maize, sugarcane and sorghum. 2.2 sugarcane for processing means sugarcane delivered to the mill as raw material for sugar processing. Proc. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Saccharum. Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. Current Science, 40:42-43. Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Sugarcane whitefly. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). It inhabits only the warmer portions of these states. It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Plant Name. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Common Name. Symptoms & Life Cycle. To attain good yields, sugarcane requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm (80 to 90 inches) of water during the growing period. 2. Seed cane is spaced 1.4 to 1.8 metres (4.5 to 6 feet) apart at densities 10,000 to 25,000 per hectare (4,000 to 10,000 per acre). (8) • Sugarcane wax: Sugarcane wax is a whitish to dark-yellow powdery deposit n the surface of stalks and leaves which appears as a cuticle layer. Explore Sugarcane Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Description. List of Major pest of Rice, Sugarcane, Jute and Cotton with their Common name, Scientific Name, Family, Order and Status As sugarcane is a long duration crop (10 months to 15 months, this duration varies from variety to variety) and one can take multiple harvests from the … https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in … Chemical herbicides are widely used. Sugarcane ripened at Marayur- Scientific name is saccharum officinarum- unrefined juice from sugarcane stem is used to manufacture jaggery -Marayur jaggery is of high quality- … Sathe AV, 1971. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. Sugarcane Genus and Other Classification. Widespread. ahlek. Neomaskellia bergii. To secure a good crop, weeds in the cane fields must be attacked until the cane stools develop a good canopy, which checks weed growth. Dactylopius sacchari brasiliensis van Gorkum, 1913; Erium sacchari (Cockerell) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll. Sugarcane harvesting and processing in Brazil. Site ? This article treats the cultivation of the sugarcane plant. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease. 1. Its stout stalks are rich in sucrose, a simple sugar w… Every plant has different names in different languages. The adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. Species. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. Major Pests. 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