Hospitals in Sarawak typically provide the full gamut of health care options, from triage to palliative care for the terminally ill. The Iban language, which has minor regional variations, is the most widely spoken native language, with 34 per cent of the Sarawak population speaking it as a first language. [18], Sarawak is nicknamed "Land of the Hornbills" (Bumi Kenyalang). Male population of Sarawak increased from 1,353.1 thousands in 2013 to 1,443.3 thousands in … Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. The Bidayuh language is spoken by about 10 per cent of the population of Sarawak. However, the federation was opposed by Indonesia leading to a three-year confrontation. [174], Sarawak is one of the world's largest exporters of tropical hardwood timber, constituting 65% of the total Malaysian log exports in 2000. [72] Since 2014 this position has been held by Abdul Taib Mahmud. [180] In early 2016, SEB signed Malaysia's first energy export deal to supply electricity to neighbouring West Kalimantan in Indonesia. [133] Mangrove and nipah forests lining its estuaries comprise 2% of its forested area, peat swamp forests along other parts of its coastline cover 16%, Kerangas forest covers 5% and Dipterocarpaceae forests cover most mountainous areas. These include: control over immigration in and out of the state as well as the residence status of non-Sarawakians and non-Sabahans, limitations on the practice of law to resident lawyers, independence of the Sarawak High Court from the High Court Peninsular Malaysia, a requirement that the Sarawak Chief Minister be consulted prior to the appointment of the chief judge of the Sarawak High Court, the existence of Native Courts in Sarawak and the power to levy sales tax. Humidity is usually high, exceeding 68 per cent, with annual rainfall varying between 330 centimetres (130 in) and 460 centimetres (180 in) for up to 220 days a year. [79][note 6][80] Stephen Kalong Ningkan was the first Chief Minister of Sarawak from 1963 to 1966 following his landslide victory in local council elections. [329], Autonomous State of Malaysia on the island of Borneo, Ooi, 2013. However, the throughput of Sibu port has declined over the years after Tanjung Manis Industrial Port (TIMP) began operating further downriver. Borneo, like New Guinea, has long had two very different populations: lowly populated, highly tribalized groups in the inaccessible interior and relatively dense agricultural populations along the coast and the lower floodplains of major rivers. Other cities and towns in Sarawak include Miri, Sibu, and Bintulu. [145] In 1854, Alfred Russel Wallace visited Sarawak. [211] As of 2013, Sarawak had a total of 32,091 kilometres (19,940 mi) of connected roadways, with 18,003 kilometres (11,187 mi) being paved state routes, 8,313 kilometres (5,165 mi) of dirt tracks, 4,352 kilometres (2,704 mi) of gravel roads, and 1,424 kilometres (885 mi) of paved federal highway. [30], On 27 May 1961, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the prime minister of the Federation of Malaya, announced a plan to form a greater federation together with Singapore, Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei, to be called Malaysia. [152] The issue of human rights of the Penan and deforestation in Sarawak became an international environmental issue when Swiss activist Bruno Manser visited Sarawak regularly between 1984 and 2000. [275] In 1974, the new Chief Minister Abdul Rahman Ya'kub recognised Malay alongside English as an official language of Sarawak. In 1839, James Brooke, a British explorer, arrived in Sarawak. Our website uses cookies to improve your online experience. The description is composed by our digital data assistant. [101], In 1888, Sarawak, together with neighbouring North Borneo, and Brunei, became British protectorates, and the responsibility for foreign policy was handed over to the British in exchange for military protection. [235] Early childhood education is not directly controlled by the Ministry of Education as it does with primary and secondary education. ", "Sarawak's public and private sectors work together to revamp education", "砂拉越华文独中通讯录 (Communication directory of Sarawak Chinese independent schools)", "Of Chinese schools and their student population", "55,975 bumiputera pupils in Chinese schools", "The growth of Technical Vocational Education and Training in Sarawak", "150 Petronas scholarships for MRSM students", "Petronas continues to support SCaT fair", "Johari: Urban-rural ratio to hit 65:35 within 10 years", "Vital Statistics Summary for Births and Deaths", "Indigenous peoples – (a) Land rights of Indigenous Peoples", "Ethnic Language Use and Ethnic Identity for Sarawak Indigenous Groups in Malaysia", "Stateless Penans demand citizenship papers", "Mobile unit makes NRD applications easy for Penan community", "Over 150,000 foreign workers in Sarawak hold temporary employment passes", "Illegal immigrants in Sarawak a 'huge problem', deputy home minister admits", "Bizarre names like Tigabelas, Helicopter, Kissing in Borneo are real", "Putrajaya approves 'Dayak' for 'Race' category in all official forms",, "Our People – Iban – The official travel website for Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo", "Our people – Malay – The official website for Sarawak Malaysian Borneo", "Miri Visitors' Guide – Miri's inhabitants", "Application of a Genetic-Fuzzy FMEA to Rainfed Lowland Rice Production in Sarawak: Environmental, Health, and Safety Perspectives", "Former Education Minister Calls For Return To Teaching Maths, Science In BM", "DAP: English remains Sarawak's official language", "Usage of English, native languages officially still legal in Sarawak", "Sarawak to recognise English as official language besides Bahasa Malaysia", "Sarawak makes English official language along with BM", "Sarawak adopts English as official language", "Taburan Penduduk dan Ciri-ciri asas demografi (Population Distribution and Basic demographic characteristics 2010)", "SIB & BEM – A Brief Introduction to Origin of SIB", "Animism is alive and well in South-East Asia: What can we learn? ...dispensed state funds for development projects in order to buy votes... (page 14), Faisal, 2012 ... to make Bahasa Malaysia and English as, Postill, 2006 ... Malay was accepted as the official language of Sarawak alongside English until 1985, when English was finally dropped. Malay The Malays make up 23% of the population in Sarawak. The earliest Christian missionaries in Sarawak were Church of England (Anglicans) in 1848, followed by Roman Catholics a few years later, and Methodists in 1903. KUCHING, Nov 5: State Reform Party (Star) president Lina Soo has labelled the Sarawak Budget 2020 as “a vote buying” budget to woo the rural population. The population of Sarawak.. [Chee Kheung Lam] Home. Your list of unfinished submissions or submissions in the workflow. [305], There are a number of museums in Sarawak that preserve and maintain artefacts of Sarawak's culture. [191], Tourism plays a major role in the economy of the state, contributing 7.89% of the state's GDP in 2016. [90][91] However, through the process of the proposed amendment to the Constitution of Malaysia in 2019, the bill for the amendment failed to pass following the failure to reach two-thirds majority support (148 votes) in the Parliament with only 138 agreed with the move while 59 abstained from the voting. 8809, Agreement relating to the implementation of the Manila Accord, "The North Kalimantan Communist Party and People's Republic of China", "Book Review: The Rise and Fall of Communism in Sarawak 1940–1990", "Saga of communist insurgency in Sarawak", "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak", "My Constitution: Sabah, Sarawak and special interests", "My Constitution: About Sabah and Sarawak", "Vote-buying, treating, illegal campaigning mars Sarawak polls, says Bersih 2.0", "The Sarawak Chinese Voters and Their Support for the Democratic Action Party (DAP)", "SNAP faces more resignations over BN move", "Analysis: Party loyalty counts for little in Sarawak", "SPECIAL REPORT: The Ming Court Affair (subscription required)", "BN retains Sarawak, Taib sworn in as CM", "DAP: Sarawak Pakatan formed to promote two-party system", "Sarawak BN parties pull out of coalition to form independent state-based pact", "Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners forming Malaysia, says Dr M", "Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners forming Malaysia, not just component states, says PM Mahathir", "No two-thirds majority for Bill to make Sabah, Sarawak equal partners", "Kod Dan Nama Sempadan Pentadbiran Tanah", "Limbang issue was never discussed: Pehin Dato Lim", "Loss of James Shoal could wipe out state's EEZ", "China Coast Guard vessel found at Luconia Shoals", "Presence of China Coast Guard ship at Luconia Shoals spooks local fishermen", "Border disputes differ for Indonesia, M'sia", "Convention on the Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization Done at Geneva on 6 March 1948 [Communication From the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland]", "Trekking to Western Julan waterfall, the highest in Sarawak", "Geochemical characterization of Neogene sediments from onshore West Baram Delta Province, Sarawak: paleoenvironment, source input and thermal maturity", "China's "Supercave" Takes Title as World's Most Enormous Cavern", "Sarawak National Park – Biodiversity Conservation", "Rainforest is destroyed for palm oil plantations on Malaysia's island state of Sarawak (Image 1 and Image 2)", "Rainforest is destroyed for palm oil plantations on Malaysia's island state of Sarawak (Image 3)", "Sumatran Orangutans' rainforest home faces new threat", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T14352A4434312.en, International Tropical Timber Organization, "Diving in Miri-Sibuti Coral Reefs National Park", "Padawan Pitcher Plant & Wild Orchid Centre", "6. State in Malaysia. The population development of Kuching as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). [146], The Sarawak state government has enacted several laws to protect its forests and endangered wildlife species. During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese for three years. The coastal region is rather low-lying and flat with large areas of swamp and other wet environments. Sarawak (Jawi: سراوق, Aussprache: [saˈrawaʔ]) ist ein Bundesstaat von Malaysia. [68][note 3], A number of communist groups existed in Sarawak, the first of which, the Sarawak Overseas Chinese Democratic Youth League, formed in 1951. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. [170] The state receives a 5% royalty from Petronas over oil explorations in its territorial waters. [17] A popular alternative explanation is that it is a contraction of the four Malay words purportedly uttered by Pangeran Muda Hashim (uncle to the Sultan of Brunei), "Saya serah pada awak" (I surrender it to you), when he gave Sarawak to James Brooke, an English explorer in 1841. [233], Education in Malaysia falls under the remit of two federal ministries; the Malaysian Ministry of Education is responsible for primary and secondary education,[234] while the Ministry of Higher Education has oversight over public universities, polytechnic and community colleges. The Alliance Party (later regrouped into Barisan Nasional) has ruled Sarawak since the formation of Malaysia. [232] However, since 2004, there has been a resurgence in traditional medicine in Malaysia resulting in the establishment of a traditional medicine division within the Ministry of Health. A sister state/province to Fujian Province in China, renowned for its jungle tracking,... 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