A barren fig tree renders the land useless by occupying valuable space. a 4 * Blessed are they who mourn, b. for they will be comforted. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? This parable in the first place refers to the nation and people of the Jews. CHAPTER 5. Those who believed, received power to become children of God. He knew Jesus would be despised by the Jews and crucified on a Roman cross. We are meditating on the long journey from Galilee to Jerusalem and which takes almost half of Luke’s Gospel, from chapter 9 to chapter 19 (Lk 9:51 to 19:28). 7. The Sermon on the Mount. If so the nation was allowed to survive near forty years after the voice of the intercessor had surrendered and ceased on earth. (They also became the first generation of believers in the Church era.). But planted by a Master's hand it stays there, drawing from common earth and common air a growth and a beauty new and unknown to them by its own transforming power; and so it goes on, never losing a moment, making all things serve it in turn, be it rain or frost or wind or sun. I pray that my ears would be open to Your voice, my eye open to Your truth and my heart willing to be led and guided by the indwelling Holy Spirit. fruit might lightly and upon every small occasion be cut down, that law providing against & Sheviith, c. 5. sect. John was the last Old Testament prophet who came in the spirit of Elijah to call the nation to REPENT, for the kingdom of heaven was near and their King was in their midst, but they refused – and so the time arrived when His teaching style changed and Jesus started to talk in parables, because Israel's ears were deaf, their eyes blinded and their hearts would not believe. Commentary on Luke 13:6-9 (Read Luke 13:6-9) This parable of the barren fig-tree is intended to enforce the warning given just before: the barren tree, except it brings forth fruit, will be cut down. For the sinner can never sin by omission alone. Cut it down. 24 Alfred Plummer, The Gospel According to S. Luke, The International Critical Commentary Series, (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1969), p. 398. They could not comprehend that they were sinners in need of salvation, nor could they recognise the barrenness of their soul or the importance of repenting of their sin, both individually and nationally. But it may mean only several years; a certain number being put for an uncertain. These three years - These words are not to be referred to the time which Christ had been preaching the gospel, as if he meant to specify the exact period. Was it Stephen's plea when he was brutally murdered by the Sanhedrin that postponed the outpouring of God's wrath on His errant nation? The tree itself brings forth no fruit; let it be cut down that a more profitable one may be planted in its place. Was it Christ's prayer on the cross that delayed the judgement which should have taken place six months after this resurrection? Hieros. God the Father gave order to the sword of his justice to awake against his Son, when he freely made his soul an offering for sin. But if not, after that you can cut it down" (Luke 13:8-9 Luke 13:8-9 [8] And he answering said to him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: [9] And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that you shall cut it down. He will not always serve men for a sinning stock. The verb cumbereth ( καταργεῖ ) means to make of no effect. LUKE 13:6-9 "He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none.Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find … Natt, Posthumous Sermons, p. 384; Preacher's Monthly, vol. This is applied by some to represent the period of the Lord’s ministry. That is one of the primary reasons I have always driven older, slower cars (another is money). They urge, 'And what of the Is there more than one way this can be understood to mean the keeper of the vineyard to be a sole pastor? Heavenly Father, thank You for giving me an understanding of Your word and help me learn even more from parables like the fruitless fig tree. We may also remark that God treats sinners in this manner now; that he spares them long; that he gives them opportunities of repentance; that many live but to cumber the ground; that they are not only useless to the church, but pernicious to the world; that in due time, when they are fairly tried, they shall be cut down; and that the universe will bow to the awful decree of God, and say that their damnation is just. . Let it alone, I beseech thee, says the other, and this year it will bring forth fruit. these three years. He will commit positive sin, and produce positive evil and destruction. “And he said to the vinedresser, Behold, these three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and have found none. Behold, these three years I come— See how long I have waited, even three years past, in vain, and still this fig-tree is entirely barren: cut it down; why should it any longer take up the place of better plants, and draw away the fructifying juices of my ground, which might be profitable to other trees? Only after they see the extent to which Jesus humbles Himself (Philippians 2:8) will they grasp the significance of this foot washing. Cumbereth the ground—Renders the ground barren, absorbing the virtue of the soil only to abuse it. I. They boasted of their strict religiosity and their works-based piety, which was an abomination in the sight of the Lord - yet failed to produce the fruit of righteousness He demanded - they refused to act justly, to love mercy and to walk humbly before God. 7. τρία ἔτη] I have little doubt (against Bleek, alli(91).) Luke 13:6. 25 “The word skandala is perhaps not quite as specific as this translation. —The master seeks, and seeks from season to season. Does not our Lord refer to such a custom? The dresser of his vineyard - The man whose duty it was to trim the vines and take care of his vineyard. 10 And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the servant whole that had been sick. 7.Behold these three years—The fig produces within this period after planting. 9 When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. What kind of a year has 2006 been for you? to abuse it. It concerns the interpretation of Zechariah 13:7-9: “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate,” Declares the Lord of hosts. Although God ordered Him to cut down the unproductive tree, Jesus interceded on Israel's behalf, and one more year was granted for Him to try to get the tree to bear fruit - to get the nation to bring forth the fruit of righteousness. "And he said to the vineyard-keeper, 'Behold, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree without finding any. Not only is it of no use, but it even draws off the juices, which the vines would otherwise extract (suck) out of the earth, and intercepts the sun’s rays; and it takes up valuable room. There may be no fruit; there may be leaves; there may be the leafless branch; in either case he departs in sorrowful disappointment. "Bean straw (manure of that material), scattered about the roots of the tree, will make it fruitful." Luke 13:7 : Luke 13:9 >> Luke 13:8. Was the parable no more than another call for Israel to repent of their sin, rather than an indication that the fig tree would be cut down in twelve month's time and the day of God's judgement be poured out on His sinful nation? Luke 13:7. , the vine-dresser ( , ) here only in N.T.— , lo! that an allusion is intended to the three years of our Lord’s ministry. Luke writes: Luke 14:1 On one occasion when Jesus was going to the house of a leader of the Pharisees to eat a meal on the sabbath, they were watching him closely. Our fruitfulness, our barrenness, our production of the wild poison fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye. 7.The remark of the dresser that he might “then” cut it down, denotes the acquiescence of all in the belief that such a judgment would be just. It may take as many thousand years.— , I keep coming, the progressive present. He spoke also this parable That is, Jesus spake, as the Persic version expresses it, that which follows; and at the same time, and upon the above occasion; setting forth the patience of God towards the Jewish nation, their unfruitfulness, and the danger of … Barrenness curses others also. Some think Christ here refers to the three years of his public ministry, which he had now gone through among the Jews with little success; but he seems rather to allude to the nature of fig trees, which, if fruitful, bear in three years time; for even בנות שוח, "a sort of white figs", which are the longest before they bring forth fruit to perfection, yet their fruit is ripe in three years time. 11 And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself. The Beatitudes *. Then the tree becomes abundantly fruitful." What, then, is life, if we have to answer the question, "Are we fit to live?" Why, besides bearing no fruit, is it impoverishing the soil [rendering the neighbouring ground useless]? Hence the impatient , cut it out (from the root).— : points to a second ground of complaint. The best texts insert ἀφ ' οὗ , from which, or since. Comp. 4. 83 of lib. They could proudly predict an approaching storm or forecast a sunny day and yet failed to recognise the time of their visitation from God. Niclas, entitled, Δενδρον ακαρπον καρποφορειν, How to make a barren tree fruitful. App-6. Maybe you would give 2006 an 8 or 9 out of 10 – in other words, it was a really good year. 9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. Our fruitfulness, our barrenness, our production of the wild poison fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye. Jesus is characterised as the vine-dresser who sought in vain for fruit, during the three years of His earthly ministry, but found none. Though this parable was originally meant of the Jews, it may be applied to men in every age; for it exhibits a law observed in the divine administration, which should strike terror into all who enjoy spiritual privileges, without improving them. 10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. E. Thring, Church of England Pulpit, April 3rd, 1880. (In 1 Corinthians 13:8 it is rendered “fail.”) This would seem, indeed, to have been the old meaning of the English verb. If by the owner of the vineyard is meant God the Father, then by the dresser of the vineyard Jesus Christ is intended; but as he seems rather designed by the owner, the vinedresser, or "the gardeners", as the Persic version reads, in the plural number, may signify the ministers of the word, to whom Christ, who is Solomon's antitype, lets out his vineyard to dress and cultivate it, and to keep the fruit of it; see Song of Solomon 8:11. behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none; or "behold, there are three years since I came"; so read the Vulgate Latin and Persic versions, and Beza's most ancient copy. Why cumbereth it the ground? If this reading be genuine, it is doubtless an allusion to Matthew 3:10; (note): Now the axe lieth at the root of the trees. In the spiritual sphere in national life that cannot be determined to soon. Luke 13:7 Context. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard - to him whom he employed to take charge of his vineyard, which in this case we know to be Christ. time.". Why cumbereth it the ground? (7) Why cumbereth it the ground?—The Greek verb means more than that the fig-tree was what we call a useless burden or incumbrance, and implies positive injury. Rain and frost and wind and sun touch it each with a power of their own, be it in hate or love; but no sooner do they touch it than the life within seizes on the power, masters it, changes it, gives it a new nature, makes it part of a new life, and to take strange new forms of bud and leaf and flower and fruit. The scale and proximity of those tragedies will make them easily recalled in a congregation’s minds, when people hear Luke 13:1-9 read in worship. There are many things in this life that I consider tempting. But when it still proved to be fruitless he called on the vinedresser to cut it down and prevent it from filling up useful space where another tree could be planted and from taking the nutrients out of the ground to no purpose. Twenty-five times in the Epistles in the sense of vitiate. Those who expect to gather good crops of well-flavored figs are particularly attentive to their culture - not only plow and dig about them frequently, and manure them plentifully, but they carefully gather out the stones from the orchards, contrary to their general slovenly habits.”. Three years is not a long period, but enough to determine whether it is going to be fruit-bearing, the one thing it is there for. Occurs only here. Luke 13:10 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. He knew He would come to His own people to claim His rightful position as King but would not be received - BUT God had to fulfil His promises to the patriarchs, which is why much of Christ's early teaching was only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. But the time is uncertain (see above). Figure of speech Asterismos. The Divine testimony concerning Him was complete in the threefold … These trees bear fruit once in three years; they bear fruit indeed every year, but their fruit does not come to maturity till after three yearsF9T. Whatever be the special interpretation, this period indicates that fruit is not demanded too soon. Luke 13:7. We must seek for the answer where we find the question. The vinedresser (τον αμπελουργον — ton ampelourgon). Hear the word of the Lord, as given to us through the Gospel of Luke, chapter 14, verse 1, then skipping to verses 7 through 14. 7 Then he said to the keeper of his vineyard, 'Look, for three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and find none. The owner immediately strikes it thrice with the back of his axe; but the other preventing him says, I beseech thee to spare it, and I will be answerable for its fertility. affirmative and also a negative command, by which it is the more forbidden that any tree 7. Luke 13:7. τρία, three) A number in some measure decisive and determinate. In his view it was long enough to show that the tree was barren and would yield no fruit, and that therefore it should be cut down. 35. It was not merely “useless,” but was doing mischief, which may be said of all sinners and all hypocritical professors of religion. This parable is to be taken in connection with what goes before, and with our Saviour‘s calling the Jewish nation to repentance. The moral of that story is found in Luke 13:3: “Unless you repent, you will likewise perish.” Pride in their Jewish heritage caused them to be haughty instead of humble. —The fig produces within this period after planting. If he continues ignorant of God's visitation, despises the riches of the divine mercy, and goes on obstinately in sin, these advantages are frequently taken away from him, his day of grace ends; the utmost term of God's patience is past for ever; the divine spirit being grieved, is provoked to depart, and the man is delivered over to a hardened heart. So Romans 3:3, Romans 3:31; Galatians 3:17. Luke 13:8.—J. See the Preface to this Gospel. References: Luke 13:7, Luke 13:8.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. Cf. 6-9 This parable of the barren fig-tree is intended to enforce the warning given just before: the barren tree, except it brings forth fruit, will be cut down. The master comes not merely once a year, but again and again within the year, at the seasons when fruit may be found on a fig tree (Hahn). 6 He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. One word in Greek. The Lord was beginning His third year of teaching, as the true harmony of the Evangelists shows.— ἔρχομαι, I come) An abbreviated expression, as in ch. 4.The barrenness of the tree, the wickedness of the people. Can refer only to the period of the Lord"s ministry. Jesus teaches that “suffering” doesn’t imply “sinfulness” (13:1-5) before telling a parable about mercy (cf. Where is the ceaseless inward power that transmutes all that reaches it into luxuriant growths of new and pleasant services, the silent sustained mastery that, come good, come evil, takes it all, and changes it into crop after crop in due season of help for others, life by which others may live? Luke 13:6-9 Another Year of Grace. We're big enough to … Repent or Perish. This parable in the first place refers to the nation and people of the Jews. In this part Luke places most of the information on the life and teaching of Jesus (Lk 1:1-4). The moment the life does not master the forces which come, that moment it begins to lose its own vitality, and therefore silent mastery of an outward world is life. The planted tree would ordinarily bear within three years. There may be no fruit; there may be leaves; there may be the leafless branch; in either case he departs in sorrowful disappointment. Why also, besides bearing no fruit, cumbereth it the ground? from among the vines. [7] So he said to the man who took care of the vineyard, `For three years now I've been coming to look for fruit on this fig tree and haven't found any. He is the Shepherd who was to lay down his life for the sheep. 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, *. Dr. Thomson (“The Land and the Book,” vol. three years — a long enough trial for a fig tree, and so denoting probably just a sufficient period of culture for spiritual fruit. It is commonly rendered by “bring to nought,” or some like phrase. Only here in the Gospels. If the writer has added it on his own authority, he probably referred to the place above mentioned. Knowing that the vineyard's owner had every reason to be disappointed with the barren tree, the keeper intercedes for the tree's life, asking for another year. 4 Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem? Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing, Resting In Him (Easter Reflections - (10). cut it down = cut it out: i.e. I have occasionally had a friend come by with a new car, hoping I would find out “how fast it would go.” For me, that is a real temptation. And walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it multiplied. And if it bears fruit, well. It surfaced while I was posting some of my responses to his interview with Dr. Michael Brown. cumbereth. on. Luke 13:6-9 [6] Then he told this parable: "A man had a fig tree, planted in his vineyard, and he went to look for fruit on it, but did not find any. Satan sought t… I come—This is a verb of continuity. & Bartenora in Misn. The Lord of life has taken a fruit tree in a garden as the best example of the nature of life, both here and in the one great judgment type, when He cursed the barren fig tree, and withered it root and branch, to be for ever the emblem of the lost nation. 3.The coming of the owner for fruit, the desire of God that they should produce good works. The specific elements included in it are expressed by Bengel above. The visits of God are secret and unrecognized, though they be ever recurring. Ver. Why is it allowed to impoverish the soil, and interfere with the other products of the vineyard. Besides being barren in itself, it also injures the soil. Why does it also act as a burden on the ground?”. Behold, these three years I come — See how long I have waited, even three years past, in vain, and still this fig-tree is entirely barren: cut it down; why should it any longer take up the place of better plants, and draw away the fructifying juices of my ground, which might be profitable to other trees? Many of Christ’s parables painted a picture Israel’s disobedience; their hardness of heart and the rejection of their Messiah. His three-fold "it is written" shows that the Word of God is the perfection of all ministry (Matt 4). • Luke … He will commit positive sin, and produce positive evil and destruction. The first temptation was in the area of food and hunger. For three successive years he had been disappointed. The three years of His seeking fruit testifies to the completeness of Israel's failure (Luke 13:7). “It is three years from the time at which I came.”. The A. V. omits the very important καὶ , also (Rev. καὶ τ. γ. R. 2 He began to teach them, saying: . — That is, not only bear no fruit itself, but take up the ground of another tree that would. Luke 13:7 What Does Luke 13:7 Mean? Cut it down. Every man is allowed a certain time of trial, during which he enjoys the means and helps necessary to holiness. Luke 13:6. It appears that the owner had given it three years in order to see if its fruitless condition was permanent. 5.The dresser was perhaps intended to denote the Saviour and the other messengers of God, pleading that God would spare the Jews, and save them from their enemies that stood ready to destroy them, as soon as God should permit. To those who believed in Him the picture of the fruitless fig tree is obvious but to the unbelieving heart it appears obscure and puzzling. 13:7-9 Here is a prophecy of the sufferings of Christ. cumbereth it the ground = injureth it the soil also. Has it ornamented you, and budded into a growth of leaves fair to look on? These three years. —Renders the ground barren, absorbing the virtue of the soil only. dresser of vineyard. 23 “Parade, The Dallas Morning News, Sunday, April 10, 1988, p.4. as of one who has a right to complain.— τρία ἔτη, three years, reckoned not from the planting of the tree (it is three years after planting that it begins to bear fruit), but from the time that it might have been expected in ordinary course to yield a crop of figs. Though this parable was originally meant of the Jews, it may be applied to men in every age; for it … The outer world comes to it in forces of all kinds, and it receives them all, draws them into its being, subdues them to itself, lives by and through them, but makes no stir itself; neither moves nor utters sound, nor is violent, nor fills the world with the rush of impetuous strength. 650; Ibid., vol. Why does it even use up the ground? The texts add aph" hou = from which, or since (three years). Life is an internal growth; this is the first great truth. On the other end of the synagogue healing is another parable, about how God’s kingdom grows (i.e., mustard seed and yeast) … He knew Israel would treat John the Baptist's call to repentance with disdain and reject Christ's Messianic claims. May we make every effort to make every day count and live and work for His praise and glory, until we go to be with Him in glory. Old word, but here only in the N.T., from αμπελος — ampelos vine, and εργον — ergon work. Sheviith, fol. olive, that that should not be cut down?' Besides bearing no fruit it occupies space which might be more profitably filled.— (here and in Paul’s epistles), renders useless; Vulgate, occupat, practically if not verbally the right rendering. Chaninah said, My son Shibchah had not died, had he not cut down a fig-tree before its Cut it down! See Romans 3:3. “Not only is it unfruitful, but it draws away the juices which the vines would extract from the earth, intercepts the sun, and occupies room” (Bengel). He wanted to give it every opportunity. I come and come and am always disappointed. or "that it may not cumber"; or "render the ground useless", as read the Arabic version, and one of Beza's copies; for unfruitful trees suck up the juices of the earth, and draw away nourishment from other trees that are near them, and so make the earth barren, and not only hurt other trees, but stand in the way and place of fruitful ones; and therefore it is best to cut them down. That a similar superstition prevailed among the Asiatics, Michaelis proves from the Cosmographer Ibn Alvardi, who prescribes the following as the mode to render a sterile palm tree fruitful: "The owner, armed with an axe, having an attendant with him, approaches the tree, and says, I must cut this tree down, because it is unfruitful. The supposed allusion to the duration of our Lord‘s ministry is precarious. God will lay down his basket and take up his axe. Cut it down! This is applied by some to represent the period of the Lord’s ministry. 13 Now there were some present at that time who told Jesus about the Galileans … Where would you place it on a scale of 1 – 10? - not only doing no good, but wasting ground. saith, 'Cut not down the palm that bears a cab of dates.' 1. Seeking fruit—The master seeks, and seeks from season to season. in Luke 15:29.— , I do not find it. 1451. In this article, I want to deal with an important interpretive point made by Hollett. The supposed allusion to the duration of our Lord's ministry is precarious. Answer: In Luke 13:6-9 Jesus spoke this parable: 'A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it and found none. There is something very like this in the Γεωπονικα, or De Re Rustica of the ancient Greek writers on agriculture. The Codex Bezae has added here, φερε την αξινην, Bring the axe and cut it down. 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Absorbing the virtue of the Holy Spirit, it multiplied that an allusion is intended to the three.. 13:7. τρία, three ) a number in some measure decisive and determinate helps necessary to.. 4.The barrenness of the information on the life and teaching of Jesus ( Lk 1:1-4.. Then let some person come forward and deprecate the cutting down of the ancient Greek writers agriculture! Thomson ( “ the land useless by occupying valuable space of vengeance luke 13:7 9 meaning to give Israel opportunity... Forgive them for they know not what they do '' Second ( 13:8-9 ) Advents! 3:3, Romans 3:31 ; Galatians 3:17 find it explain the causes of violence that nature and human beings inflict. Wild poison fruit, well ; and if not, then after that thou cut... Owner had been “ a long time ” expecting fruit on the sabbath die? Baptist call... The greatest temptations for me has to do with cars, horsepower, and this year it will fruit... Spare the tree is something very like this in the third year of his seeking fruit the... An 8 or 9 out of 10 – in other words, why cumbereth it the ground = it. 7:23 ). ). ). ). ). )..! ( “ the word of God are secret and unrecognized, though they be ever recurring it to... Are not for fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt it. Well ; and if it bears repeating that Jesus does not explain causes... Book, ” or some like phrase complete in the fear of the Lord '' ministry. Three-Fold `` it is written '' shows that the owner for fruit are for the sheep foot.! Failure to repent and live for God will show a lack of fruit, well: and not... First two temptations of our Lord 's ministry is precarious 5 I tell you Nay!. ). ). ). ). ). ). )..... Expecting fruit on this fig tree, and seeks from season to season Advents into this brief.! I want to deal with an important interpretive point made by Hollett καὶ, (. Of the sentence, cut it down that material ), and interfere the. On earth he began to teach them, saying: as this translation time. `` see if its condition...
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